Whereas, children need access to healthful foods and opportunities to be physically active in order to grow, learn and thrive;
Whereas, good health fosters student attendance and education;
Whereas, obesity rates have doubled in children and tripled in adolescents over the last two decades, and physical inactivity and excessive calorie intake are the predominant causes of obesity;
Whereas, heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes are responsible for two-thirds of deaths in the United States, and major risk factors for those diseases, include unhealthy eating habits, physical inactivity, and obesity, often are established in childhood;
Whereas, community participation is essential to the development and implementation of successful school wellness policies;
Thus, the Yuba City Unified School District is committed to providing school environments that promote and protect children's health, well-being, and ability to learn by supporting healthy eating and physical activity. Therefore, it is the policy of the Yuba City Unified School District that:
The school district will engage students, parents, teachers, food service professionals, and other interested community members in developing, implementing, monitoring, and reviewing a district-wide nutrition and physical activity policy.
All students in grades K-12 will have opportunities, support, and encouragement to be physically active on a regular basis.
Foods and beverages sold or served at school will meet the nutrition recommendations of the U. S. Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
Qualified child nutrition professionals will provide students with access to a variety of affordable, nutritious, and appealing foods that meet the health and nutrition needs of students; will accommodate the religious, ethnic, and cultural diversity of the student body in meal planning; and will provide clean, safe, and pleasant settings and adequate time for students to eat.
To the maximum extent practicable, all schools in the district will participate in available federal school meal programs (including the School Breakfast Program, National School Lunch Program (including after-school snacks).
Schools will provide nutrition education and physical education to foster lifelong habits of healthy eating and physical activity, and schools will establish linkages between health education and school meal programs and with related community service.
To Achieve These Policy Goals
The Yuba City Unified School District Coordinated Wellness Advisory Committee will develop, monitor, and, as necessary, strengthen all components of the Coordinated Wellness Policy and will consist of individuals representing all components of wellness within the school community including parents/guardians and students.
A. Nutritional Quality of Foods and Beverages Sold and Served on Campus
1. Be appealing and attractive to children.
2. Be served in clean and pleasant settings.
3. Meet, at a minimum, nutrition requirements established by local, state, and federal statutes and regulations.
4. Offer a variety of fruits and vegetables.
5. Serve only low-fat (1%) and fat-free milk and nutritionally-equivalent non-dairy alternatives (to be defined by USDA).
Schools will engage students and parents/guardians in selecting foods sold through the school meal programs in order to identify new, healthful, and appealing food choices. In addition, schools will share information about the nutritional content of meals with parents/guardians and students. Such information will be made available on the Yuba City Unified Web Site under Student Nutrition.
Breakfast: To ensure that all children have breakfast, either at home or at school, in order to meet their nutritional needs and enhance their ability to learn:
1. Schools will, to the extent possible, operate the School Breakfast Program.
2. Schools will, to the extent possible, arrange bus schedules and utilize methods to serve school breakfasts that encourage participation.
3. Schools that serve breakfast to students will notify parents/guardians and students of the availability of the School Breakfast Program.
4. Schools will encourage parents/guardians through newsletter articles, take-home materials, or other means to provide a healthy breakfast for their children.
Free and Reduced-priced Meals: Schools will make every effort to eliminate any social stigma attached to, and prevent the overt identification of, students who are eligible for free and reduced-price school meals.
Meal Times and Scheduling:
1. Schools will provide students with at least 10 minutes to eat breakfast, and 15 minutes to eat lunch after sitting down.
2. Schools should schedule meal periods at appropriate times (i.e., lunch between 11:00 a.m. and 1:00 p.m.).
3. Schools should not schedule tutoring, club, or organizational meetings or activities during mealtimes, unless students may eat during such activities.
4. Schools with grades K through 8 will be encouraged to schedule lunch periods to follow recess periods.
5. Schools will provide students access to hand washing before they eat meals or snacks.
Qualifications of School Food Service Staff: Qualified nutrition professionals will administer the school meal programs. As part of the school district's responsibility to operate a food service program, the district will provide continuing professional development for all nutrition professionals in schools. Staff development programs will include appropriate certification and/or training programs for child nutrition directors, supervisors, managers and cafeteria workers, according to their levels of responsibility.
Sharing of Food and Beverages: Given concerns about allergies and other restrictions on some children's diets, schools should discourage students from sharing their foods or beverages with one another during meal or snack times.
Food and Beverages Sold Individually (i.e., foods sold outside of reimbursable school meals, such as through vending machines, cafeteria a la carte (snack) lines, fundraisers, school stores, etc.)
Elementary and Middle Schools: The school food service program will provide all food and beverage sales to students in elementary and middle schools. Given children's limited nutrition skills, foods in elementary and middle schools should be sold as balanced meals.
High Schools: In high schools, all food and beverages sold individually outside the reimbursable school meal programs (including those sold through a la carte (snack) lines, vending machines, student stores, or fundraising activities) during the school day will meet the following nutrition and portion size standards:
Allowed: Water without added caloric sweeteners; fruit and vegetable juices and fruit-based drinks that contain at least 50% fruit juice and do not contain additional caloric sweeteners; unflavored or flavored low-fat or fat-free fluid milk and nutritionally-equivalent nondairy beverages (to be defined by USDA); electrolyte replacement beverages and beverages lower in sodium.
A food item sold individually:
a. Will have no more than 35% of its calories from fat (excluding nuts, seeds, peanut butter, and other nut butters) and 10% of its calories from saturated fat.
b. Will have no more than 35% of its weight from added sugars.
c. Will be lower in sodium.
During meal periods, a choice of at least two fruits and/or non-fried vegetables will be offered for sale at any school site where foods are sold. Such items should include, but are not limited to, fresh fruits and vegetables; 100% fruit or vegetable juice; fruit-based drinks that are 50% fruit juice and do not contain additional caloric sweeteners; cooked, dried, or canned fruits (canned in fruit juice or light syrup); and cooked, dried, or canned vegetables (that meet the above fat and sodium guidelines).
3. Portion Sizes
Limit portion sizes of foods and beverages sold individually to single serving sizes. Super-size portions will be discouraged.
4. Fundraising Activities
To support children's health and school nutrition-education efforts, school fundraising activities should not involve food or will use only foods that meet the above nutrition standards for foods and beverages sold individually. Schools will encourage fundraising activities that promote physical activity.
If schools choose to sell food and beverage items during the school day as a fundraising project, the following regulations shall be followed: (5 CCR 15500 and 15501) (7 CFR 210.11, 220.12):
Food Sales in Elementary and Middle Schools: A student organization may not sell more than one food item per sale when all the following conditions are met:
1. The specific nutritious food item is approved by the Governing Board.
2. Food sales do not begin until after the close of the midday food service period.
3. Sales are not of food items prepared on the premises (i.e. commercial kitchen only).
4. There are no more than four such sales per year.
5. Any food sold has no more than 35% fat, 10% saturated fat, 35% sugar by volume.
6. The food item sold is not one sold in the food service program at that school during the school day.
Food Sales in High Schools: A student organization may sell food items during the regular school day if the following conditions are met:
1. Only one organization each school day sells no more than three types of food items.
2. Any one organization may conduct no more than four sales per year, and the sales shall be held on the same four days for any and all organizations and approved by the board.
3. Food sold is not prepared on the premises (i.e. commercial kitchen only).
4. The food items sold are not those sold by the food service program that day.
5. Food and beverage sold meet the nutrition criteria.
High School Vending Profit-Sharing Program: Joint ventures of food and beverage sales by food service and any associated student body must meet all criteria described above.
Snacks: Snacks served during the school day or in after-school care or enrichment programs will make a positive contribution to children's diets and health. Schools will assess if and when to offer snacks based on timing of school meals, children's nutritional needs and children's ages. If eligible, schools will be provided snacks for after school programs through the National School Lunch Program.
Rewards: Schools will not use foods or beverages that do not meet the nutrition standards and foods will not be withheld as a punishment.
Celebrations and Events: Schools should limit celebrations that involve food during the school day to foods that fall into the definition of the National School Lunch Program. They should plan any event with the food service department and must meet criteria for age of children involved.
B. Nutrition Education and Physical Activity Promotion
Nutrition Education and Promotion: Yuba City Unified School District aims to teach, encourage, and support healthy eating by students. Schools should provide nutrition education and engage in nutrition promotion that:
1. Is offered at each grade level as part of a sequential, comprehensive, standards-based program designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills necessary to promote and protect their health.
2. Is part of not only health education classes, but also encouraged to occur in classroom instruction subjects such as math, science, language arts, social sciences, and elective subjects.
3. Includes enjoyable, developmentally-appropriate, culturally-relevant, participatory activities, such as contests, promotions, taste testing, farm visits, and school gardens.
4. Promotes fruits, vegetables, whole grain products, low-fat and fat-free dairy products, healthy food preparation methods, and health-enhancing nutrition practices.
5. Emphasizes caloric balance between food intake and energy expenditure (physical activity/exercise).
6. Links with school meal programs, other school foods, and nutrition-related community services.
7. Teaches media literacy with an emphasis on food marketing.
8. Includes training for teachers and other staff.
Integrating Physical Activity into the Classroom Setting: For students to receive the state-recommended amount of daily physical activity (i.e., at least 60 minutes per day) and for students to fully embrace regular physical activity as a personal behavior, students need opportunities for physical activity beyond physical education class. Toward that end:
1. Classroom health education will complement physical education by reinforcing the knowledge and self-management skills needed to maintain a physically-active lifestyle and to reduce time spent on sedentary activities, such as watching television.
2. Opportunities for physical activity will be encouraged to be incorporated into other subject lessons.
3. Classroom teachers will provide short physical activity breaks between lessons or classes, as appropriate.
Communications with Parents/Guardians: The district/school will support parents' efforts to provide a healthy diet and daily physical activity for their children. In partnership with community health agencies, the district/school will offer, when possible, healthy eating seminars for parents, send home nutrition information, post nutrition tips on school websites, and provide nutrient analyses of school menus. Schools should encourage parents/guardians to pack healthy lunches and snacks and to refrain from including beverages and foods that do not meet the nutrition standards listed for individual foods and beverages.
The district/school will provide information about physical education and other school-based physical activity opportunities before, during, and after the school day and support parents' efforts to provide their children with opportunities to be physically active outside of school. Such support will include sharing information about physical activity and physical education through a website, newsletter, or other take-home materials, special events, or physical education homework.
Food Marketing in Schools: School-based marketing will be consistent with nutrition education and health promotion. As such, schools will limit food and beverage marketing to the promotion of foods and beverages that meet the nutrition standards for meals or for foods and beverages sold individually. School-based marketing of brands promoting predominantly low-nutrition foods and beverages is prohibited. The promotion of healthy foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products is encouraged.
Staff Wellness: Yuba City Unified School District highly values the health and well-being of every staff member and will plan and implement activities and policies that support personal efforts by staff to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
C. Physical Activity Opportunities and Physical Education
Daily Physical Education (P.E.) K-12
Grades 1-6 will receive physical education instruction for 200 minutes every 10 school days. Grades 7-12 will receive physical education instruction for 400 minutes every 10 school days. Elementary schools with grades 1-8 inclusive on the same site will receive 200 minutes of physical education every 10 days. All students in grades K-12, including students with disabilities, special health-care needs, and in alternative educational settings, will receive physical education (200 minutes every 10 school days for elementary school students and 400 minutes every 10 days for middle and high school students) for the entire year. All physical education instruction in grades 7-12 will be taught by a credentialed teacher. Physical education in grades K-6 will be taught by the classroom teacher who has been trained in the approved Yuba City Unified School District physical education program. All teachers will provide a standards-based physical education program. Student involvement in other activities involving physical activity (i.e., interscholastic or intramural sports) will not be substituted for meeting the physical education requirement. Students will spend at least 50 percent of physical education class time participating in moderate to vigorous physical activity.
Daily Recess: All elementary school students will have at least 10 minutes a day of supervised recess, preferably outdoors, during which schools should encourage moderate to vigorous physical activity through the provision of space and equipment.
Schools should discourage extended periods (i.e., periods of two or more hours) of inactivity. When activities such as mandatory school-wide testing make it necessary for students to remain indoors for long periods of time schools should give students periodic breaks during which they are encouraged to stand and be moderately active.
Physical Activity Opportunities Before and After School: All elementary, middle, and high schools will offer extracurricular physical activity programs, such as physical activity clubs or intramural programs. All high schools and middle schools are encouraged to offer interscholastic sports programs. Schools will offer a range of activities that meet the needs, interests and abilities of all students.
After-school child care and enrichment programs will provide and encourage daily periods of moderate to vigorous physical activity for all participants.
Physical Activity and Punishment: Teachers and other school and community personnel will not use physical activity for punishment (e.g., running laps, pushups). Teachers and other school and community personnel will not withhold opportunities for physical activity (e.g. physical education classes) as punishment.
Safe Routes to School: The school district will assess and to the extent possible make needed improvements to make it safer and easier for students to walk and bike to school. When appropriate the district will work together with local public works, public safety, and/or police departments in those efforts. The school district will explore the availability of "safe routes to school" funds to finance such improvements. The school district will encourage students to use public transportation when available and appropriate for travel to school and will work with the local transit agency to provide transit passes for students.
D. Monitoring and Policy Review
Monitoring: The Superintendent or designee will ensure compliance with established district-wide nutrition and physical activity wellness policies. The principal or designee will ensure compliance with this policy in schools and will report to the Superintendent or designee on the schools' compliance.
Food service staff at the school or district level will ensure compliance with nutrition policies within the school food service program and will report to the Superintendent or designee on this matter.
The Wellness Committee will develop a summary report every two years on district-wide compliance with the school wellness policies based on input from schools within the district. That report will be provided to the school board and all school site councils, parent/teacher organizations, principals, and school health services in the district.
Policy Review: As part of an ongoing process, the school district will review the wellness policy and the provisions that support healthy eating, physical activity, physical education, and legislation that may effect change. Work plans to facilitate any changes will be developed and implemented by the district Superintendent or designee.
Regulation YUBA CITY UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT
Approved: June 13, 2006 Yuba City, California